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International Cooperation with Foreign Partners

 

Internationally according to the convention on immediate alert about nuclear accident and the convention on help in case of nuclear accident or radiological incident as part of executing of National Competent Body of the Russian Federation functions by the State Corporation, Situation and Crisis Center must ensure provision of organizational and technical support of round-the-clock performance of National Warning and Communication Point of the Russian Federation.
Situation and Crisis Center is the only official communication point in Russia which transmits in prescribed formats the message on nuclear accident, its mode, and time. According to approved international protocols the information is transferred to IAEA and the countries exposed or able to be exposed to radiation contamination.
National Communication Point based on Situation and Crisis Center provides for continuous round-the-clock availability for alert to the Incidents and Accident Situations Center of IAEA and to equivalent foreign Incident and Crisis Centers of respective machineries of a state in the format of International Emergency Response System (ENATOM).
To perform these functions there is telephonic & fax communication, and videoconferencing with IAEA, U.S. Department of Energy, respective organizations in France, Japan, Korea, Sweden, Finland, Britain, and all Russia border countries. Using these communication channels it is possible at any time to transfer information on abnormal situations coming from nuclear energy use, on nuclear accident, its mode, and time, and available information on minimization of negative radiation consequences of accidents in international cooperation participating states.

 

International agreements

U.S. Department of Energy and Energy Company of France (EDF) rendered methodological assistance in the creation of Situation and Crisis Center in terms of a variety of formerly signed international agreements. U.S. side within a given time also financed incumbent works of Situation and Crisis Center on creation of federal nuclear materials control and accounting system.

At the present time there are several cooperation agreements in force between Situation and Crisis Center and Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission of France, involving mutually-beneficial exchange of experience inter parties in the area of prevention of emergency situations, planning, emergency response organization, and nuclear materials control and accounting. Russia and France regularly conduct scientific-technical workshops, combined exercises, and training conferences. Valuable experience is also gained during exercises organized by the parties on their sites, where foreign experts are invited in the capacity of observers.

Cooperation with Norway, Sweden, and Finland

Cooperation of Situation and Crisis Center with Norway, Sweden, and Finland is carried out as part of reciprocal inter-governmental agreements on immediate alert and information exchange on nuclear installations between these countries. As part of these agreements experts from Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom take part in international exercises. In September 2001 experts from Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom as part of traveling operational group of Ministry of Nuclear Energy took part in the international exercise on recovery from a simulated radiation accident Barents Rescue 2001 LIVEX in Sweden. Interservice team of Ministry of Nuclear Energy of Russia was admitted to be the best based on the results of operational commitment.

As part of the agreement between governments of Russia and Finland the parties inform each other about all high-profile events, and share experience. Regularly once a year there is conducted a Russian-Scandinavian seminar on availability and response to nuclear accidents. During the seminar experts from Russia, Finland, Norway, and Sweden share experience and recent developments on the organization of their national prevention and recovery from nuclear accidents systems. At the end of these meetings the parties sign protocols, involving further development of cooperation between these four countries in the area of information exchange and availability for nuclear and radiation accidents.

Cooperation with Japan and Republic of Korea

Cooperation with Japan and Republic of Korea is in the development stage. Cooperation of Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom with Japan has started in September 1999 with a real situation of an accident at the fuel processing factory in Tokaimura. Technical questions of videoconferencing arranging with Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety are being settled.

In recent years and specifically after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in Japan Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom staff regularly participate in technical meetings on study of different safety technical and normative documents in the area of emergency availability and response developed and issued under the aegis of IAEA.

International exercises

Cooperation of Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom with respective foreign centers, IAEA, and other international organizations under abnormal situation is worked out during international exercises and during regular communication tests.

Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom took part in emergency response exercises carried out by IAEA in Argentina, Britain, France, Sweden, Finland, Brazil, and other countries. International partners always highly appreciated the competence and advanced cooperation of Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom experts.

Every year Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom staff takes part in more than 10 international exercises and trainings.

In the past decade in the process of cooperation between Situation and Crisis Center of Rosatom and respective foreign structures more than 200 foreign experts took part in different exercises.